The Landfill Directive was adopted by the European Community in 1999. It sets tough operational and technical requirements for disposal of waste by landfill, with the aim of reducing the negative effects of landfilling. Every Member State of the European Union was required to implement it from 16 July 2001. Under the Landfill Directive, the UK is required to send no more than 35% of the volume of bio-municipal waste to landfill than it did during 1995 by 2020.
Levy Exemption Certificates (UK)
Organisations that pay the CCL can enter into agreements with suppliers to purchase renewable electricity. The Levy Exemption Certificates (LECs) are evidence of CCL exempt electricity supply generated from qualifying renewable sources.
Life Cycle Assessment
This is also known as “life-cycle analysis” or A technique used to examine the environmental impact of a product through all stages of the product's life, including design, raw material extraction, material production, part production, and assembly, through its use, and final disposal.
Liquified Natural Gas (LNG)
This is a mixture of various gases, especially methane, which are liquefied under pressure for transportation and used as fuel in gas-fired generation. Britain has three LNG import facilities (Dragon at Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire / Isle of Grain, Kent / South Hook, Pembrokeshire).
This is the ratio of actual kilowatt-hours used in a given period, divided by the maximum demand of the same period. A high load factor is “a good thing,” and a low load factor is a “bad thing.” A low load factor means that you are using electricity inefficiently relative to what you could be if you were controlling your peak demand.
Also known as demand side management, this is the process in which organisations are flexible as to when they consume energy. This means that they can schedule their production and shift patterns according to the price of electricity. Consumers who can load manage are able to significantly reduce their consumption during peak times when charges such as Triads and band rates are applied.
Measurement of site electricity consumption over time.
Low Voltage (LV)
Low Voltage, normally at 240 or 415 Volts.
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